Physical and biogeochemical parameters of the Mediterranean Sea during a cruise with RV Maria S. Merian in March 2018

Authors: Hainbucher D., Álvarez M., Uceda B.A., Bachi G., Cardin V., Celentano P., Chaikalis S., Montero M.D.M.C., Civitarese G., Fajar N.M., Fripiat F., Gerke L., Gogou A., Guallart E.F., Gülk B., El Rahman Hassoun A., Lange N., Rochner A., Santinelli C., Steinhoff T., Tanhua T., Urbini L., Velaoras D., Wolf F., Welsch A.
Journal: Earth System Science Data
DOI: 10.5194/essd-12-2747-2020
The last few decades have seen dramatic changes in the hydrography and biogeochemistry of the Mediterranean Sea. The complex bathymetry and highly variable spatial and temporal scales of atmospheric forcing, convective and ventilation processes contribute to generate complex and unsteady circulation patterns and significant variability in biogeochemical systems. Part of the variability of this system can be influenced by anthropogenic contributions. Consequently, it is necessary to document details and to understand trends in place to better relate the observed processes and to possibly predict the consequences of these changes. In this context we report data from an oceanographic cruise in the Mediterranean Sea on the German research vessel Maria S. Merian (MSM72) in March 2018. The main objective of the cruise was to contribute to the understanding of long-term changes and trends in physical and biogeochemical parameters, such as the anthropogenic carbon uptake and to further assess the hydrographical situation after the major climatological shifts in the eastern and western part of the basin, known as the Eastern and Western Mediterranean Transients. During the cruise, multidisciplinary measurements were conducted on a predominantly zonal section throughout the Mediterranean Sea, contributing to the Med-SHIP and GO-SHIP long-term repeat cruise section that is conducted at regular intervals in the Mediterranean Sea to observe changes and impacts on physical and biogeochemical variables. The data can be accessed at (Hainbucher et al., 2019), (Hainbucher, 2020a), (Hainbucher, 2020b), (Hainbucher, 2020c) (Tanhua et al., 2019) and (Tanhua et al, 2020).

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