Poly(vinyl alcohol)/Gelatin Scaffolds Allow Regeneration of Nasal Tissues

Authors: Delfo D’Alessandro, Stefania Moscato, Alessandra Fusco, Jose Gustavo De la Ossa, Mario D’Acunto, Luisa Trombi, Marta Feula, Lorenzo Pio Serino, Giovanna Donnarumma, Mario Petrini, Stefano Berrettini and Serena Danti
Journal: Applied Sciences
DOI: 10.3390/app11083651
Need for regeneration and repair of nasal tissues occurs as a consequence of several pathologies affecting the nose, including, but not limited to infective diseases, traumas and tumor resections. A platform for nasal tissue regeneration was set up using poly(vinyl alcohol)/gelatin sponges with 20%–30% (w/w) gelatin content to be used as scaffolds, for their intrinsic hydrophilic, cell adhesive and shape recovery properties. We propose mesodermal progenitor cells (MPCs) isolated from the bone marrow as a unique stem cell source for obtaining different connective tissues of the nose, including vascular tissue. Finally, epithelial cell immune response to these scaffolds was assessed in vitro in an environment containing inflammatory molecules. The results showed that mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) deriving from MPCs could be used to differentiate into cartilage and fibrous tissue; whereas, in combination with endothelial cells still deriving from MPCs, into pre-vascularized bone. Finally, the scaffold did not significantly alter the epithelial cell response to inflammatory insults derived from interaction with bacterial molecules.

Keywords: bioartificial; mesenchymal stem cells; mesodermal progenitor cells; 3D model; tissue engineering; cartilage; vascularized bone; fibrocartilage; rhinoplasty

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